What is Neck Pain?
Pain in the neck region is very common. About 40% of the adult population will experience this type of pain during their lifetime. Interestingly, it can have many different causes.
In most cases, the pain is not caused by a damaged structure such as your ligaments, bones or spinal discs. Most frequently, neck pain is caused by the muscles in the neck region working incorrectly. This can happen due to bad posture at your computer screen or in other sub-optimal postural positions.
Causes of Neck Pain
The most common causes of neck pain are:
- Tight and sore neck muscles
- Reduced or no mobility in one or more of the neck joints
- Osteoarthritis or sprains in the neck.
Pain in the neck typically occurs due to heavy workload, monotonous or recurring movements at work, as well as stress, poor posture or impact trauma (eg caused by having to suddenly brake in traffic).
Symptoms of Neck Pain
Diffuse, as in spread out and rather unspecific, neck pain which can radiate down into one or both of your shoulders. Muscle tension may also occur and result in headaches. If you have a headache radiating from the neck due to muscle tension, it’s called a tension headache. Dizziness may also occur in some cases.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Neck Pain
Avoid hunching your neck while sitting down. Maintain a firm and straight posture when you sit and stand and make sure your computer screen is set at the right height. You should stretch tense muscles. Maintaining strength and balance in your neck is important as it will reduce the risk of relapse.
Keep your Neck Active
Keeping your neck active without irritating it. If you don’t keep your neck active, there’s a risk it might stiffen up and cause muscle tension. This could further exacerbate your neck pain.
Treat your Neck Pain with Simple Exercises
Performing simple exercises at home can be helpful. In the beginning, focus on increasing mobility in your neck with exercises that give you more control over your neck movements.
To achieve this, you should do exercises that will strengthen the small muscles stabilising your neck. For lasting results, you should gradually increase the difficulty and load of these exercises.
Use the Injurymap diagnosis tool to find out if you are ready to treat your neck pain with rehabilitative exercises.