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What is osteoarthritis of the hip?
Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition that causes the cartilage in the joints to gradually degrade, which in turn puts greater pressure on the bones during movement. This can cause pain and result in a thickening of the bone end and bone outgrowths, which may lead to decreased joint mobility.
Osteoarthritis is a frequent disorder that occurs in 5% of the Danish population with increasing frequency with age.
With age, all people will suffer from osteoarthritis as the cartilage degrades and gradually weakens. Osteoarthritis is mainly caused by hereditary disposition, a dysfunctional joint structure in the hip and/or damage to the hip joint. Correct training and exercise will protect against osteoarthritis, but it is also an important avenue of treatment if you already suffer from osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is experienced as stiffness in the hip joint and pain when pressure is put on it. The pain is located in the groin and deep in the buttock. In some cases, the pain will radiate down towards the knee. If nothing is done to treat the condition, the pain will slowly intensify and may grow to a level where the pain is experienced even during inactivity.
What can you do to treat the pain yourself?
With exercise, you can significantly improve functionality and reduce your pain, but it will not eliminate the osteoarthritis. Swimming and cycling are effective activities, but you should refrain from running, performing gymnastics or jumping. When out walking it is important to wear shock-absorbing shoes to reduce the amount of tension traveling from the foot to the hip.
During rehabilitation, it is important to stretch the tightened muscles and to exercise the weakened muscles.
If you suffer from osteoarthritis, being overweight will only worsen the functionality and increase your level of pain in the hip. If you are overweight, a reduction in weight is advised. Daily activity and training will help you achieve this.