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What is osteoarthritis of the knee?
Osteoarthritis of the knee is a frequent disorder that affects many people and increases in frequency with age. It is commonly caused by hereditary disposition and damage to the knee joint. Appropriate exercise and training can protect against osteoarthritis. Exercise is also an important avenue of treatment if you already suffer from osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition in which the cartilage in the joints gradually degenerates. The natural ability of the cartilage to absorb shock is thus decreased and this causes greater pressure on the bone itself. The increased pressure on the bone can cause pain and a thickening of the ends of the bone, resulting in outgrowths from the bone and decreased mobility in the joint. Osteoarthritis is characterized by stiffness in the knee joint and pain that may occur both during rest and movement.
What can you do to reduce your pain?
With exercise, you can significantly improve the function of your knee and reduce the pain, but this will not eliminate the osteoarthritis. Typically, your rehabilitation will start with mobility exercises that will increase the mobility of the knee and stimulate the cartilage. In addition, you will need to perform stability exercises and strengthen the muscles around your knee.
The knee is a weight-bearing joint. If you are overweight, a weight loss of approx. 10 kilos will help you reduce the pain in your knee.