What is osteoarthritis of the knee?
Osteoarthritis of the knee is a frequent disorder that affects many people and increases in frequency with age. It is commonly caused by a combination of hereditary disposition and damage to the knee joint. Appropriate exercise and training can protect against osteoarthritis. Exercise is also an important avenue of treatment if you already suffer from osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition in which the cartilage in the joints gradually degenerates. The natural ability of the cartilage to absorb shock is thus decreased and this causes greater pressure on the bone itself. The increased pressure on the bone can cause pain and a thickening of the ends of the bone, resulting in bony outgrowths and decreased mobility in the joint. Osteoarthritis is characterized by stiffness in the knee joint and pain that may occur, both during rest and movement.
Diagnosis and treatment
The knee is a weight-bearing joint. If you are overweight, a weight loss of approximately 10 kilos / 22 lbs will help you reduce the pain in your knee.
With exercise, you can significantly improve the function of your knee and reduce the severity of the pain, but this will not eliminate osteoarthritis, which is an irreversible condition. Typically, your rehabilitation will start with exercises designed to increase the mobility of the knee and stimulate the cartilage. In addition, you will need to perform stability exercises and strengthen the muscles around your knee.
Use the Injurymap screening tool to find out if you are ready to start treating your knee pain with rehabilitative exercises.